The following medical journal articles provide more detailed information regarding preventable medication prescribing problems (also known as "adverse drug events"). Most of the articles focus on quantifying and characterizing the problem, or describing approaches to improving prescribing patterns. We welcome your feedback and suggestions regarding this bibliography. Please contact us at This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it..

  • Bates DW. Drug and Adverse Drug Reactions: How Worried Should We Be? JAMA. 1998;279:1216-1217.
  • Bates DW et al. Incidence of Adverse Drug Events and Potential Adverse Drug Events. JAMA. 1995;274:29-34.
  • Beard K. Adverse Reactions as a Cause of Hospital Admission in the Aged. Drugs and Aging. 1992;2:356-367.
  • Beers MH et al. Inappropriate Medication Prescribing in Skilled-Nursing Facilities. Annals of Int Med. 1992;117:684-689.
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  • Chapman B. Striking the right balance with TDM. CAP Today. 1996;10:1-36.
  • Gurwitz JH, Soumerai SB, and Avorn J. Improving Medication Prescribing and Utilization in the Nursing Home. J Am Geriatric Soc. 1990;38:542-552.
  • Harrington C, Tompkins C, Curtis M and Grant L. Psychotropic Drug Use in Long-term Care Facilities: A Review of the Literature. Gerontologist. 1992;32:822-833.
  • Johnson JA and Bootman JL. Drug-related morbidity and mortality. Arch Int Med. 1995;155:1949-1956.
  • Laucka PV and Hoffman NB. Decreasing medication use in a nursing-home patient-care unit. Am J Hosp Pharm. 1992;49:96-99.
  • Lazarou J, Pomeranz BH, Corey PN. Incidence of adverse drug reactions in hospitalized patients: a meta-analysis of prospective studies. JAMA. 1995;274:29-34.
  • Lipton HL. Bero LA, Bird JA, and McPhee SJ. The Impact of Clinical Pharmacists' Consultations on Physicians Geriatric Drug Prescribing: A randomized controlled trial. Med Care. 1992; 30:646-655.
  • Lipton HL. Bird JA. Drug Utilization Review in Ambulatory Settings: State of the Science and Directions for Outcomes Research. Med Care. 1993;31:1069-1082.
  • MacLeod SM. Improving Physician Prescribing Practices: Bridge Over Troubled Waters. Can Med Assoc J. 1996;154:675-677.
  • Monane M, Matthias DM, Nagle BA and Kelly MA. Improving Prescribing Patterns for the Elderly Through an Online Drug Utilization Review Intervention: A System Linking the Physician, Pharmacist, and Computer. JAMA. 1998;280:1249-1252.
  • Norton LL. Senior Medication Awareness Training. Pharmacist. 1997 Oct:91-140.
  • Prescription drug use soars. Consumer Reports On Health. 2001. January:2.
  • Schwartz RK. Soumerai SB. Avorn J. Physician Motivations for Nonscientific Drug Prescribing. Soc Sci Med. 1989;28:577-582.
  • Sourmerai SB. McLaughlin TJ. Avorn JL. Improving Drug Prescribing in Primary Care: A Critical Analysis of the Experimental Literature. Milbank Q. 1989;67:268-317.
  • Sourmerai SB. Avorn J. Principles of educational outreach to improve clinical decision-making. JAMA. 1990;263:549.
  • Starfield B. Is US Health Really the Best in the World? JAMA. 2000;284:483-485.
  • Tierney J. Practical Issues in Geriatric Psychopharmacology. Online coverage from the 9th Annual US Psychiatric and Mental Health Congress. Medscape, Inc. 1996;Nov 14-17.
  • Williams L, Lowenthal DT. Drug Therapy in the Elderly. South Med J. 1992;85:127-31.

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